India Madrasa History first in 1000 years ago by mohammad gauri akbar started all subjects

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India Madrasa History first in 1000 years ago by mohammad gauri akbar started all subjects


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Madrasa History in India

India Madrasa History: Since the start of the survey of madrasas in Uttar Pradesh, the political ruckus is on its peak. AIMIM (All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen) party chief Asaduddin Owaisi has targeted the state Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath over this. Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati has accused the BJP of trying to interfere in the running of private madrassas and “terrorizing” the Muslim community on the pretext of surveys. He did a tweet about it. In such a situation, a lot of questions are being raised these days regarding madrasas. In Assam, the government of Hemant Biswa Sharma has even demolished many madrasas. The state government alleges that terrorist activities are encouraged in some madrasas. It has become a common belief that fundamentalism is encouraged instead of education in madrassas. So is this really true? Or were they established for some other purpose? So let’s talk about it in detail today.

What is the history of Madrasas?

To understand the history of madrasas, we have to go back about 1000 years in the past. The history of these schools of Islam was once a glorious one. You will be surprised to know that there was a time when the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Katha Samrat Munshi Premchand had received their initial education from these madrasas. However, if we talk about the beginning of madrasas in India, then they were established during the Mughal period. They have been an important part of the life of the Muslim community. In medieval India, their role was to provide manpower to the government.

According to the information, India’s first madrasa was established during the reign of Mohammad Ghori. The first madrasa was opened in Ajmer in the year 1192. At the same time, Akbar started teaching all subjects in madrasas. Madrasas continued to be established during the Khilji, Tughlaq dynasty. It is said that the brother and successor of Muhammad bin Tughlat, Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1308–1388) was very much interested in promoting education among the people. He also advocated for girls and slaves to get education. During his period, about 1 lakh 80 thousand slaves had received education in subjects like science, art and handicrafts. Ibn Battuta, a traveler from Morocco, has told in his memoirs that then there were 13 madrassas in India for girls.

What are madrasas after all?

The word madrasa is derived from the Arabic word ‘d-r-s’. The word madrasa means a place of study. According to the modern Arab language, the word madrasa also refers to a number of educational institutions. who are secular and modern. Whereas in South Asia, the word means a center of higher Islamic learning. Where students are taught Islamic law and techniques. The knowledge that is acquired from a madrasa is called jaria. The most important thing about madrassas is that it is taught to apply the life of Mohammad Saheb and the teachings of the Holy Quran in one’s life.

Madrasas were established in Baghdad, Iran during the Abbasid period, whose job was to spread knowledge. The world’s oldest seminary was founded in Fez, Morocco in 859. which still exists today. It is integrated with the University of Al Qarawian. A large number of madrasas were built in the capital of India in Delhi during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1290–1351). Where teachers used to get salary from the government treasury.

What education is given in madrassas?

It has become a common belief that fundamentalist education is imparted in madrassas. Although in the olden days, they were called symbols of Islamic knowledge. Where people are given education on a large scale. These madrasas were considered to be secular in nature, where children belonging to non-Muslim community also came to take education. Their secularism remained intact till the end of the 19th century. But from 1844 onwards it started changing. It happened that there was a ban on giving government jobs to the graduate students who passed out from madrasas. This angered the Muslim community. This was the time when it was not easy for anyone to accept English education. The British had attacked the traditional education of the Muslims. He divided the education system into religious and non-religious categories.

How does the Madrasa system work?

Madrasas are run by donations from the common people, in which free education is provided to all the students. Children come here from village to city. There is no discrimination between the rich and the poor. As times changed, some madrassas remained autonomous from the government while others had links with the state governments. Munshi, Maulvi, Alim, Kaabil, Kamil, Faizal and Mumtazul Afzal are awarded diplomas and degrees in madrasas.

How is the syllabus here?

The syllabus of madrassas has been prepared according to the suggestions of current and past learned ulemas. In modern times, it has even been included in computer education. Apart from this, there are Aqeed, Dinayat, Quran, Urdu, Hindi, English, Mathematics, Geography, Science, Arabic, Persian, Mantig, Philosophy, Hait, Urooj, Kalam, Ma-Ani-Wa-Bayan, History, Tafseer and Hadi Wa Usool. Subjects like A hadith are taught. Along with this, bridge courses offered by universities are also conducted in madrasas. This provides mainstream higher education to the students studying in madrassas.

When was Darul Uloom Deobandh established?

Darul Uloom Deobandh is a famous Madrasa of India, which was established in the year 1866. Then Deobandi madrasas had spread all over the country. During this time, there were allegations against the madrassas that they were in collusion with fundamentalists like Taliban. The story behind this also starts from when India was ruled by the British. The political party was founded in 1919 by a large group of Deobandi scholars. Whose name was Jamaat Ulema-e-Hind. This organization opposed the partition of India. With the establishment of their education system in India, the British imposed a lot of strictness on madrasas, due to which they were suffering heavy losses. Then even the financial aid given to madrasas was stopped. It is said that because of this madrasas started looking for other avenues to overcome the shortage of money.

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