Increasing dictatorship in the world, the number of countries with liberal democracies has decreased from 41 to 32, China is taking even bigger advantage, know how -democratic recession in world giving china more power to extend authoritarian

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Increasing dictatorship in the world, the number of countries with liberal democracies has decreased from 41 to 32, China is taking even bigger advantage, know how -democratic recession in world giving china more power to extend authoritarian


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Democratic Recession World China

Highlights

  • Decreasing number of countries with liberal democracies
  • China is trying to take advantage in many ways
  • China is rapidly expanding authoritarianism

Democratic Recession China: Over the past decade, the number of countries considered to be liberal democracies has decreased from 41 to 32. That is, equal to the number of democratic countries in the world in 1989. In the same period, 87 other countries were given the status of autocrats or elected autocrats. A 2021 survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit showed that only 8.4 per cent of the world’s population lives in a fully effective democracy, a change being referred to as a ‘democratic recession’. Several people, leaders such as Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoan and former Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte, have contributed to this trend. They have undermined their domestic political system and undermined elections by shutting down critical media.

Such leaders are curtailing or trying to curtail the independence of their judiciary. The gradual erosion of democratic values ​​and freedoms, such as the recent restrictions on the right to protest in Britain and this fall towards authoritarianism, is creating more room for China to dominate the global agenda with its values. Importantly, such an authoritarian leaning is now becoming a symbol of politics in democracies such as the US and the UK. As these countries become less democratic, they are giving authoritarianism more room to flourish.

Trump raised questions on the media

Former US President Donald Trump openly questioned the foundation of American democracy. His attacks on members of the ‘fake news’ media rejected the role of a free press, thereby undermining the Constitution and human rights. In turn, there were policies on voter suppression that discouraged specific groups of people from voting, realignment (changing the boundaries of a constituency in favor of the party in government) and openly attacking judges after the politicization of the justice system. who had pronounced judgments against the policies of his administration. Democracy was weakened somewhere due to all these actions. There was also a large increase in alleged hate crimes against minority groups during Trump’s time.

After Trump, as of mid-2021, there were more than 400 bills pending in the US on voter suppression in predominantly Republican-controlled state legislatures, and more than 230 on anti-criminalisation. For the same reasons, many members of the Republican Party refused to accept the result of the 2020 presidential election. By doing so, the Republican Party has eroded public trust from the entire political system. Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s populist government in the UK illegally suspended parliament in 2019. His government also introduced compulsory voter ID, which has been criticized as a way of restricting voting.

Presidential election chaos unfolds

Several other laws are limiting the ability of the media and judiciary to have an independent surveillance system and hold the powerful accountable. Authoritarian leaders exposed the chaos of the 2020 US presidential election. Colombia’s Publicetro newspaper carried the headline, ‘Who is Banana Republic now?’ And Chinese state media said the US “seems somewhat like a developing country”. What does this mean for China? China’s economic, military and diplomatic policies are helping Beijing to rapidly promote its style of politics on the global stage.

Its foreign policy through its Belt and Road Initiative provides for investments of up to US$8 trillion in developing countries, particularly in Africa and Latin America. The project takes its name from the historic Silk Route dating back 2,000 years, a series of powerful trading routes that linked China. This series of investments in ports, bridges and major infrastructure around the world has greatly increased China’s dominance. China has made a strong mark by selling surveillance systems (which can be used to censor negative public opinion online) and surveillance technology to other countries. It has also exported its social credit system to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia. These are Black Mirror-style systems, where governments can hold people accountable for actions that officials approve.

China helping authoritarian countries

This development is worrying as China is now exporting technological tools (through which it has gained almost complete social and political control) to other authoritarian-minded countries. For the past several years, Beijing has been questioning the idea of ​​universal human rights at UN meetings. In 2018 it requested that the phrase ‘human rights defender’ be removed from the United Nations lexicon. If he was able to dispel the idea of ​​these rights, it would open more avenues for the expansion of authoritarian practices in a democracy. Beijing is currently building an alternative way of organizing the world. China’s successful authoritarian-capitalist model underscores this vision.

China is also building competitive international institutions (such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. This, along with widespread democratic collapse, is a growing global web around authoritarianism. If these trends dominate global politics. , then the remaining democratic rights in the West would be deeply threatened. In the worst case, they could be completely replaced by repressive governments, the beginning of a new China-centered world order and the beginning of an authoritarian century.

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