Turkey playing a ‘two-way’ game by adopting a double strategy, becoming a mediator between Russia and Ukraine, but what benefit is it getting from it? -Turkey double strategy to gain political economic game amid russia ukraine war

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Turkey playing a 'two-way' game by adopting a double strategy, becoming a mediator between Russia and Ukraine, but what benefit is it getting from it? -Turkey double strategy to gain political economic game amid russia ukraine war


Image Source : AP
Recep Tayyip Erdoan

Highlights

  • Turkey changed its stance
  • Supporting both Ukraine and Russia
  • economic and political gains

Russia Ukraine Turkey: The biggest problem that remains in the world right now is the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine. Which will be completed in a few days to 7 months. As easy as starting this war was, now it seems even more difficult to end it. Because Russia did not expect that this would be its plight in the war and it would not be able to defeat Ukraine soon. Nor did Western countries expect Russia to continue the war despite economic sanctions. In such a situation, the country on which the eyes of both sides are or which has not only changed its stand in this matter but is trying to take advantage from both the sides, is Turkey. You can say that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoan is adopting a double strategy. Turkey is playing a kind of two-pronged game.

Looking at this game, it seems as if the five fingers of the turkey are in ghee and the head is in the embroidery. Now let’s talk about this whole story from the beginning. The war between Russia and Ukraine began on 24 February. Russia said it was conducting only special military operations. At this time Turkey opposed Russia. He was also an ally of Western countries and has supported Ukraine’s claim in Crimea and Donbass. Both these areas are occupied by Russian-backed separatists, which Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has promised to liberate. In the midst of all this, Turkey is now seen in a changed attitude, it seems to be moving closer to Russia. So what could be the reason behind this?

Turkey gave TB-2 drones to Ukraine

Turkey is a member of NATO (a US-led Western military alliance) and has traditionally been an ally of Ukraine. It is supporting Ukraine both diplomatically and militarily. He has also given him unrestricted TB2 drones. Furthermore, it maintains economic ties with Russia and was not involved with Western countries in imposing economic sanctions on Russia. Earlier this month, Erdogan praised Russia and accused the US and the European Union of following a policy of provoking Russia. He said he could understand Putin’s decision on Russia’s halt to gas supplies to Germany. He praised Russia and said that it should not be underestimated.

Along with this, on Friday, during the meeting of SCO countries in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, met Putin and talked about strengthening their relationship. Along with this, with the help of the United Nations, an important grain deal was done between the two countries. That is, it was agreed to export the grain stuck at the port of Ukraine. According to experts, Turkey is playing Russia’s bet in its relations with Western countries and playing Western countries’ bets with Russia. It is also being said that Erdoan is adopting a two-pronged strategy. Due to which they can benefit both financially and politically. Economic is important because Turkey’s economy is going downhill and political because Turkey’s presidential election is due in June 2023 next year.

Erdogan loves two things

Rajab Tayyip Erdogan loves two things, power and money. But he is facing many challenges at the moment. The price of Turkey’s currency, the lira, has fallen by half in the past 12 months and the country’s inflation rate has exceeded 80 percent. Instead of going alone in the elections, opposition parties are forming alliances and making the country’s economic condition a major issue. This could make it difficult for Erdogan, who has been in power for two decades, to remain in power. To avoid this trouble, they have to fix the economy of the country. For this they need massive financial help and foreign investment.

Why is Russia looking at Turkey?

Western countries have imposed economic sanctions on Russia. In such a situation, he wants to ignore these restrictions and sell his goods in the international market and for this he needs a partner. Now Turkey is trying to act like a bridge between Russia and Western countries. It can also become a commercial and logistics hub. After economic sanctions on Russia, many companies have opened their logistics centers in Turkey. From here these companies are doing business with Russia. Similarly, Russian businessmen who used to trade with Western countries have also opened their logistics centers in Turkey. Along with this, Turkey also wants to fill the vacant space after Russia’s exit from the Western countries. Turkish companies are entering the Russian market for this.

Investment and gas with business

Turkey’s trade with Russia has increased and bilateral ties have strengthened since the Russia-Ukraine war. There has been an increase of 75 percent in business in July 2022 as compared to July 2021. The business, which was $ 417 million last year, has increased to $ 73 million this year. In the same year Putin and Erdogan met in Sochi, Russia. The two leaders agreed to increase trade in several sectors to $100 billion. Turkey gets about 45 per cent of its petrol and diesel needs from Russia. In which he is now discussing to get the discount. A gas deal was also signed between the two in January this year, which will remain in force for the next four years. It doesn’t have a price tag, so Erdoan wants to ask for a distance. He also partially agreed to trade in rubles to buy gas.

Apart from this, due to the Ukraine war, the European Union has limited visas to Russian citizens, so these tourists are turning to Turkey. Its benefits began to accrue to him only in the first months after the start of the war. There has been a 47 percent increase in the number of Russian tourists visiting Turkey compared to last year. This is the reason why Turkey’s international image as a mediator is also changing. It is getting great importance at the international level. Two examples of this have been seen. First, the meeting of the Russian and Ukrainian delegations in Istanbul in March and second, the grain agreement with the help of the United Nations. At the same time, the US, the European Union and Britain also want talks to end the war open, for which the meeting should be held in Istanbul, and not in Belarus or Kazakhstan. Countries under the influence of Russia. Erdoan wants to stay with the leaders of the West and also does not want to be separated from Russia.

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