What are the actions of Mikhail Gorbachev, which Putin still fears, did not attend the funeral – Mikhail Gorbachev putin not came in last rites why he afraid from last soviet union leader

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What are the actions of Mikhail Gorbachev, which Putin still fears, did not attend the funeral - Mikhail Gorbachev putin not came in last rites why he afraid from last soviet union leader


Image Source : India TV
Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Highlights

  • Gorbachev was the last president of the Soviet Union
  • Putin did not attend Gorbachev’s funeral
  • Gorbachev is preferred in western countries

Mikhail Gorbachev: Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who initiated major reforms that helped end the Cold War, was cremated here on Saturday. A large number of people attended the funeral but Russian President Vladimir Putin did not attend. Earlier, a large number of people paid tribute to Gorbachev by standing in long lines. Gorbachev died on Tuesday. He was 91 years old. Gorbachev is admired in the West for breaking the political boundaries that divided Europe, but he has many critics in Russia for his moves that were responsible for the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

The Kremlin’s (Russian President’s Office) refusal to announce Gorbachev’s state funeral reflects the Russian presidential office’s discomfort and fear over the late leader’s legacy. However, Putin paid tribute to Gorbachev personally on Thursday by laying flowers on his coffin. The Kremlin said Putin would not be able to attend Gorbachev’s funeral because of his busy schedule. Asked about the reasons for Putin not attending the funeral, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that many of the president’s events are pre-scheduled.

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Image Source : India TV

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Why didn’t Putin attend the funeral?

If the Kremlin had announced a state funeral for Gorbachev, it would have seemed strange for Putin not to attend the official event. The Kremlin would have also invited foreign leaders to attend the funeral with state honours, which it (Russia) probably does not want to do amid tensions with the West over its invasion of Ukraine. This is the reason why Putin did not even attend his funeral. Gorbachev is buried near the grave of his wife Raisa at the Novoddevichy cemetery. So let’s now talk about the legacy that Gorbachev has left behind.

Little remains of the legacy of one of the great reformers of Russian history and the last leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, remains in his country. Gorbachev ended totalitarianism in the name of ‘glasnost’ (openness) and ‘perestroika’ (reorganization), abolished censorship, freed hundreds of political prisoners and conducted competitive elections, marking the beginning of a decade of democratization. He ended the Cold War with the overthrow of the Soviet Union’s ideology-based foreign policy and brought humanity out of the danger of nuclear war. At the same time, Putin systematically destroyed these achievements during his presidency. On their remains, he is mobilizing extremists as part of a project to establish authoritarian rule.

Once again education and culture are being controlled by the government. Hundreds of people who once again listened to their conscience have been sent to prisons or labor camps. Russia, once again, stands on the cusp of a potential conflict with the West. Gorbachev’s dialogue with opponents is the best way to underscore the difference between him and Putin’s handling of his opponents. Gorbachev called Andrei Sakharov, a rebel of the Soviet Union, in December 1986. Sakharov had been living near the city of Gorky under internal exile for seven years for resisting the invasion of Afghanistan. Unlike his predecessors, Gorbachev politely invited Sakharov to come to Moscow to ‘resuming patriotic work’.

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Image Source : India TV

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

The Gorbachev-Sakharov dialogue is still discussed today

This gentle move was just the beginning, of which a moderate intellectual said, ‘It was the intelligent and clear-cut Gorbachev-Sakharov dialogue that became an engine of our progress.’ When Gorbachev introduced multi-candidate elections for the new legislature of the Soviet Union, Sakharov was one of 2,250 MPs elected. His (Sakharov) voice could weaken in the tumult of the House, so Gorbachev repeatedly intervened and allowed him to take the stage and deliver speeches, setting the agenda for Russia’s democratic reform.

Sakharov died of a heart attack in December 1989, and Gorbachev said of his passing that “it is a great loss” as he was “a man who has expressed his thoughts and fears in an openly direct manner”. ‘ Contrary to this openness in the dialogue, Putin does not even name his main adversary, Alexei Navalny, who has been subjected to a decade of slander, criminal prosecutions and violent assaults on the instructions of the Kremilan and from Novichok, the nervous system-depressing poison. was attacked.

Gorbachev’s restraint

There is no doubt that Gorbachev’s greatest achievement was the relatively peaceful elimination of the most militarized totalitarian regime and the world’s largest nuclear weapons stockpile. Gorbachev’s powers were eroded during the last crisis of the Soviet Union and he had failed to stop the military radicals of the Baltic states. However, at a critical juncture, he protested against starting a war in Eastern Europe to suppress nationalist movements eager to save the Soviet Empire and disintegrate the Soviet Union.

His protest was condemned by neo-Stalists and hardline nationalists who dominated Russia’s opposition politics in the 1990s. However, it saved millions of lives from the racial extermination or genocide that devastated Yugoslavia and the other Leninist confederacy of Eastern Europe. Gorbachev’s restraint also freed Russia’s civil society from seven decades of totalitarian rule. In the early years of perestroika, ‘informal groups’, small clubs of citizens that acted as an artery of democratic politics, expanded from all walks of life.

The most important of these informal groups was the Memorial Society, a group of activists demanding memorials to the victims of Stalinism. The monument became the cornerstone of the human rights movement, but it was refused legal status by blockadeists and bureaucrats. Gorbachev ordered the group’s registration on the initiative of Sakharov’s wife. Over the next three decades, the Memorial Society outlined atrocities in parts of the former Soviet and within Russia itself. It is no wonder that the NGO Act passed by the Putin regime and the Kremlin’s small army of anti-Western groups (which work indirectly by working behind the scenes) has been the main target of this group. When the memorial group was banned in December last year, Gorbachev came to his rescue.

Gorbachev, during his six years of rule, transformed the real followers of the Leninists into social democrats. Ultimately his political thought revolves around “universal values” while Marxism-Leninism denies it and divides the world into capitalism and communism. Gorbachev was the only Soviet leader to adopt a Universal Declaration of Human Rights based on global values.

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Image Source : India TV

Mikhail Gorbachev-Vladimir Putin

Putin’s ‘Traditional Values’

For Putin’s propaganda, the universal value is the object of ridicule and the delusion in which gullible reformers like Gorbachev plunge the nation into a state of tragedy. Instead, they offer ‘traditional values’ that justify attacks on international human rights, domestic repression and Ukraine’s genocidal war. At the same time, these propagandaists condemn Gorbachev and believe that he should be tried for treason. There were frequent hate attacks on Gorbachev but he always stood for universal values.

In 1993, Putin had become the world’s richest person due to corrupt schemes, while Gorbachev donated a part of the Nobel Prize money to the Novaya Gazette, a newspaper published with bold and liberal values ​​after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Had given. In 2009, when the neo-Nazis murdered a Novaya Gazette journalist along with Russia’s leading human rights lawyer, Gorbachev himself went to meet with then-President Dmitry Medvedev, demanding action with the newspaper’s editor. Along with other independent media, the Novaya Gazette also became a victim of Russian action after the Ukraine war.

Putin may have destroyed Russia’s democratic institutions, but one thing he has failed to eradicate is the democratic experiment that Gorbachev spearheaded. Decades after giving the idea of ​​’Glasnost and Perestroika’, Russians are still behaving, demonstrating, arguing and engaging with each other as free citizens despite the growing threat of an authoritarian environment. These experiences cannot be forgotten. They are already part of the Russian democratic tradition. This is Gorbachev’s most enduring legacy.

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